Hello Guys, Today We Learn - How to Send Emails in PHP using Gmail SMTP
In Simple Language SMTP is basically "Simple Mail Transfer Protocol" through with we send mails by authenticate mail servers.
GMail SMTP is also a mail server through which we can send email by authenticate it using gmail username and password.
Let us see how to send email in PHP using PHPMailer Class library via Gmail SMTP. Sending email in PHP can be done with various mail transfer libraries available. For example, PHPMailer, PEAR::Mail interface. These libraries provide advanced features like SMTP authentication and more.
Sending an email with PHP’s core function mail() is simpler. This function is too simple and lacks advanced features for sending an email. For example, we cannot send attachments using PHP’s mail().
In this tutorial, let’s use PHPMailer class for sending emails by using Gmail SMTP server. This library is popular because of its advanced features. Some of those features are,
- Allows both plain text and HTML content as email body.
- Allows array of email addresses for to|cc|bcc|reply-to.
- It provides Secure/MIME encryption.
- It supports various encoding techniques binary, base64 and etc.
- It has multiple language support (English by default).
- It provides email validation, SMTP authentication, word wrapping and more.
PHP Script for Sending Email using Gmail SMTP
For sending email using SMTP we need not have entire PHPMailer library. It is sufficient to have only class.phpmailer.php and class.smtp.php of this library.
We should set subject, content and header information. When we send email using Gmail SMTP make sure to set SMTPAuth as TRUE and SMTPSecure as tls/ssl. Use your Gmail Username and Password to send an email.
$mail = new PHPMailer();
$mail->SMTPDebug = 0;
$mail->SMTPAuth = TRUE;
$mail->SMTPSecure = "tls";
$mail->Port = 587;
$mail->Username = "your gmail username";
$mail->Password = "your gmail password";
$mail->Host = "smtp.gmail.com";
$mail->Mailer = "smtp";
$mail->SetFrom("Your from email", "from name");
$mail->AddReplyTo("from email", "PHPPot");
$mail->Subject = "Test email using PHP mailer";
$mail->WordWrap = 80;
$content = "<b>This is a test email using PHP mailer class.</b>"; $mail->MsgHTML($content);
echo "Problem sending email.";
echo "email sent.";
For setting FromEmail and FromName, we can either use SetFrom() function or use PHPMailer properties PHPMailer::From and PHPMailer::FromName. For example,
$mail->From = "from email address";
$mail->FromName = "from name";
AddReplyTo(), AddAddress() functions will accept array of email addresses, and name is optional.
If we have HTML content as mail body, we need to set content body text/HTML by using,
After setting all properties and mailer information with the PHPMailer object, PHPMailer::send() function returns TRUE on successful mail transfer and FALSE on failure.
You can download the latest Phpmailer package from https://github.com/PHPMailer/PHPMailer